In accordance with Article 9, point a), of the social security agreement between the United States of America and the Federal Republic of Brazil on that date (the so-called “agreement”), they agreed as follows: on 11 December 2019, the Union cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Modi, agreed to the signing of the social security agreement between India and Brazil. The Social Security Agreement is signed by India with several other countries to protect the interests of professionals and skilled workers living abroad. Since it is a matter of regulating the social security relations between their two countries, this agreement may in the future be amended by endorsements which, following notification of the conclusion of the necessary internal judicial procedures of each contracting State, will be an integral part of it as soon as they come into force. These agreements can be concluded retroactively if they specify. The agreement also authorizes the export of social benefits for Indian workers after their relocation from Brazil. The signed agreement is hosted on the ministry`s website and on the website of the Worker`s Provident Organization for stakeholder information, so that they can obtain coverage certificates in order to avoid double social security contributions. The agreement helps to avoid double social security contributions for workers. It also uses a simple shipment of services offered by the governments of the countries concerned. The agreement also allows NRIs to aggregate contribution periods. This will help avoid performance losses. Aggregation of contribution deadlines (in two countries) to avoid loss of benefits (totalization).
The agreement also provides disability insurance benefits for Indian nationals working abroad. As at the time of the date, India signed SSAs with 18 countries. The idea of concluding pacts on social security programmes with the BRICS was discussed at the bricS labour ministers` meetings in Geneva on 9 June 2016 and 27-28 September 2016 in New Delhi. The possibility of concluding social security agreements between the BRICS countries is also mentioned in the Goa declaration of the 8th BRICS Summit of Heads of State and Government. India and Brazil negotiated the SSA in Brasilia from 13 to 16 March 2017. At the end of the negotiations, the two sides signed the final text of the social security agreement. The EU cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has authorized the signing of the social security agreement between the Republic of India and the Federal Republic of Brazil. The idea of concluding pacts on social security programmes with the BRICS was discussed at the BRICS labour and labour ministers` meetings on 9 June 2016 in Geneva and 27-28 September 2016 in New Delhi. The possibility of concluding social security agreements between the BRICS countries is also mentioned in the Goa declaration of the 8th BRICS Summit of Heads of State and Government.
The agreement also provides disability insurance benefits for Indian nationals working abroad. Brazil has about 4,700 Indians and 1,000 Brazilians in India. The agreement would promote inclusion and justice for Indians living in Brazil and vice versa. Currently, about 1,000 Brazilians live in India, while about 4,700 Indians live in Brazil. All seconded/detached and self-employed workers will benefit from this proposal without discrimination. This would promote justice and inclusion. The export of social security benefits to Indian workers as a result of their relocation from Brazil is an innovative mechanism to ensure that social benefits are not lost and also contributes to the competitiveness of Indian companies by reducing their total costs.