However, as alternance learning is part of upper secondary education, learners must have completed the ninth year of lower secondary education to register for apprenticeship at the age of at least 15 years (1). (Vocational Training Act 2008 s. 3 (not amended in 2019)) The vocational training system is legally based on a partnership between the State, the employers` chambers and the professional work orders. The chambers act at the following levels: Article 29 of the Vocational Training Act of 2008 provides that “initial vocational training that prepares learners for working life is alternated, whether within the framework of an apprenticeship contract or an internship agreement (cf. Q5 and Q18 / former Q22)”. (Grand Duke Regulation of 15 August 2019, art. 13) In 2019/2020, the amount of remuneration of apprentices who wish to obtain a CCP diploma varies between €452.56 and €769.36 for the first year; from €509.08 to €995.60 for the second year; and from €622.28 to €1,131.36 for the third year of apprenticeship. These incentives are often used by almost all employers and are encouraged to promote the provision of in-company training. With regard to apprenticeship contracts, certain general provisions of the Labour Code apply: as an incentive from the State, apprentices who complete the school year retroactively receive a training bonus of €130 per month for training leading to a CCP qualification and €150 per month for apprenticeships leading to DAP or DT diplomas.
Students of all three ages can participate in apprenticeship places: secondary school pupils from the age of 15 and adults (from the age of 18) who have left school can participate in apprenticeship programmes (CCP, DAP, DT), regardless of the vocational training programme. A training contract must be signed at the beginning of the training. It is used to confirm individual employment agreements between the apprentice and the employer. Tutors must be approved by mutual agreement between the Order of Professional Employers (or the Minister for professions that do not depend on a professional order) and the Workers` Order and must meet the same “serious” criteria. . . .