This led to negotiations for a Canada-European Union trade agreement (later renamed the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement or CETA) and this agreement will lead, beyond the TIEA, to an agreement whose scope is much broader and more ambitious. Closer countries tend to trade more, especially with goods, and this is the case with the UK and the EU. The EU-Canada Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment (AIS), a three-part study commissioned by the European Commission from independent experts and completed in September 2011, provided a comprehensive forecast of ceta`s impact.    It foresees a number of macroeconomic and sectoral effects, indicating that CETA could lead to a real GDP increase of 0.02 to 0.03% in the long term, while Canada could record an increase of 0.18 to 0.36%; The “Investments” section of the report suggests that these figures could be higher if the increases needed for investment are taken into account. At the sectoral level, the study forecasts the largest growth in production and trade, driven by the liberalization of services and the elimination of tariffs on sensitive agricultural products.    It was provisionally applied thus eliminating 98% of the already existing customs duties between the two parties. . . .