The combination of the Joint Experience with Information Prevention Treatments, which have a much more complex study design than in previous research, allows us to examine whether and to what extent non-cooperation from other countries could undermine public support. In particular, it shows whether the non-cooperation of other countries generates less public support for climate policy and whether it leads to changes in the relative thawing of the characteristics of an international climate agreement, which reflect concerns of reciprocity. It also increases the possibility of a virtuous circle. Countries feel more confident if they are not punished for their failure. This, in turn, encourages other countries to act because they know they are not alone. And as soon as countries take action, it will become self-sufficient, as entrepreneurs and engineers will find solutions that will allow them to take further action. Countries are starting to follow the wind or the sun or nuclear energy and find new ways to reduce costs, allowing for other measures. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 1992. The pioneering agreement [PDF] was ratified by 197 countries, including the United States, and was the first global treaty to explicitly address climate change. It has created an annual forum known as the Conference of the Parties (COP) for international discussions aimed at stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.
These meetings produced the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. The relay for the completion of Article 6 was handed over to COP-26 in Glasgow in November 2020. In the meantime, countries that have not agreed on a set of rules can develop their own rules on international connections that can promote highly integrated carbon markets, as California, Quebec, the European Union and Switzerland have already done. If negotiators can keep an eye on the price and oppose being distracted by the demands of activists and interest groups, I think real success is still possible. Some would say that trying to get 197 countries to agree on anything is a mistake. For the past 20 years, critics such as international relations expert David Victor have been calling for the UN to be the ideal venue for climate negotiations. Victor argues that such a forum will inevitably stop. In 1983, some political analysts in the United States said that such a global problem could not be solved because of the complexity of its policy. Many of the world`s environmental problems can only be solved through concerted international efforts.
This has resulted in hundreds of multilateral environmental treaties, which vary considerably depending on their level of ambition and effectiveness (1;2). One of the main challenges of these efforts is that the contribution of a given country to joint efforts will depend, to varying degrees, on the contribution of other countries (3;4;5). This risks making these efforts vulnerable to non-cooperation by other countries, especially when countries that are responsible for much of a major environmental problem do not cooperate or withdraw from existing cooperation (6;7;8;9). Waste of effort? International Environmental Agreements We also note some important differences in the importance of the characteristics of the agreement in comparing Chinese and American public opinion.