“Last year, the foreign minister cited important goodwill measures,” such as stopping nuclear and missile tests, dismantling the nuclear test site, and pleasing not to multiply nuclear weapons and nuclear technology. But we don`t see an appropriate response from the United States,” he said. Instead of expressing concern about the absence of a peace regime on the Korean Peninsula, the U.S. is insisting on “denuclearization first” and increasing pressure through sanctions to achieve its goal of strength,” he said, adding that it even opposes the “declaration of an end to the war.” The key to consolidating peace and security on the Korean Peninsula is to thoroughly implement the joint statement of the DPRK and the United States, adopted at the historic Singapore summit in June,” he said, adding that it contains issues of principle such as “complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and humanitarian work between the two countries.” In this article, a political solution refers to the act of pursuing a negotiated path out of war and towards peace. It can begin with the intention of finding a political solution; It could mark an important turning point with a peace agreement; And it can be achieved through a large number of diplomatic, development and peace efforts for years and decades. Peace agreements signed between at least two key actors are therefore better defined in time. They can also provide the framework for peace that is most often required for a political solution. Adapting such lessons to Mali is not easy, however: the contexts, conflict dynamics and actors are very different. For example, it is neither feasible nor constructive to bring fewer parties to the negotiating table in Mali. Similarly, the long and formal peace process in Colombia may not be feasible or desirable in Mali; further processes at the national and local levels are needed. The Anefis process is an example where the leaders of the coordination and the platform itself, with a minimal international presence, have conducted discussions aimed at reducing violence under the Bamako Agreement25 In general, it is essential to constantly adapt to a changing conflict context, including for external actors and mediators.26 Mali`s search for peace indeed requires measures. clean at the right time. Moreover, one must take into consideration the nature of each group – treating jihadist groups and different rebel groups in the same way is not politically viable and probably not constructive. In the future, the increased and pragmatic use of different types of local dialogues and consultations can therefore constructively accompany military actions aimed at ending the conflicts in Mali.
Participation in a peace process and the signing of a peace agreement are by definition bilateral (or multilateral) acts. On the other hand, the continuation of the war to pursue military victory is unilateral, because it does not need the agreement of the other. Since peace negotiations require political compromises, terrorist labels and rejection of the political character of opponents usually block such initiatives. Faced with the difficulty of the environment, negotiation processes in civil wars are doomed to failure not only because the parties are suddenly expected to cooperate and commit to making a peaceful promise, but if an external guardian can guarantee the rules of engagement, the willingness to engage in peace talks is stillborn (Walter, 1997); Stedman, 2001). . . .