Yya Agreement

As part of the pact, Finland was forced to resist armed attacks by “Germany or its allies” (actually interpreted as the United States and allies) against Finland or against the Soviet Union by Finland. If so, Finland should apply for Soviet military assistance. However, the pact itself did not provide for any provision for the entry of the Soviet army into Finland and provided that all such actions should be decided separately if Finland decided to seek help. Moreover, the pact did not provide for emergency measures for Finland if the Soviet Union was attacked (if the attack did not take place by Finland). The agreement also recognized Finland`s desire to stay out of high-power conflicts, which allowed it to adopt a policy of neutrality during the Cold War. The Soviet Union had similar agreements with many nations that were not directly allied with it, but were heavily dependent on Soviet support, such as North Korea since 1961, with India since 1971 and Vietnam since 1978. However, the first such agreement dates back to 1943 with Free France. Original file (1,067 × 355 pixels, File size: 138 KB, MIME type: image/jpg) The YYA contract was a cornerstone of Paasiki`s foreign policy. It was also a central policy under the presidency of Urho Kekkonen (1956-1981), who called his foreign policy doctrine paasikivi-Kekkonen-Line.

The treaty was an instrument for the Soviet Union to gain political influence in Finland`s internal affairs in the post-war period, in confrontations such as the note crisis. This influence has been commonly referred to as finlandization. The extent to which President Kekkonen (President 1956-1981) deliberately used it to strengthen his influence and harm his opponents is the subject of intense discussion. Despite official policy, there has been secret cooperation with the West. This ranged from Finnish organizations such as the Social Democratic Party, which accepted funding from the US Central Intelligence Agency, to the exchange of seismic data on nuclear tests. Even the Eastern countries practiced espionage in Finland, z.B. the Stasi ddrige had agents there. With the treaty signed on April 6, 1948, the Soviets, Western or allied powers, attempted to attack the Soviet Union through Finnish territory and the Finns tried to strengthen Finland`s political independence from the Soviet Union.

It thus ensured Finland`s survival as a liberal democracy in close proximity to strategic Soviet regions such as the Kola Peninsula and the former capital Leningrad.